Translating the Twelve: Hosea 2:10-11

Today’s “Translating the Twelve” is Hosea 2:10-11 (2:8-9 in English)

10 וְהִיא֙ לֹ֣א יָֽדְעָ֔ה כִּ֤י אָֽנֹכִי֙ נָתַ֣תִּי לָ֔הּ הַדָּגָ֖ן וְהַתִּיר֣וֹשׁ וְהַיִּצְהָ֑ר וְכֶ֨סֶף הִרְבֵּ֥יתִי לָ֛הּ וְזָהָ֖ב עָשׂ֥וּ לַבָּֽעַל׃

11 לָכֵ֣ן אָשׁ֔וּב וְלָקַחְתִּ֤י דְגָנִי֙ בְּעִתֹּ֔ו וְתִירוֹשִׁ֖י בְּמֽוֹעֲדֹ֑ו וְהִצַּלְתִּי֙ צַמְרִ֣י וּפִשְׁתִּ֔י לְכַסּ֖וֹת אֶת־עֶרְוָתָֽהּ׃


10. Yet she did not know1 that I gave2 her the grain and the new wine and the fresh oil and increased3 the silver for her as well as gold (they offered4 them to Baal).

11. So I will return5 and take back6 my grain during its time and my fresh wine in its season. I will also snatch away7 my wool and my linen which was used to clothe8 her nakedness.


Below I’ll parse the verbs and briefly discuss some of my syntactical choices if I have time and remember.


1. Qal qtl 3fs ידע
2. Qal qtl 1cs נתן
3. Hif qtl 1cs רבהז
4. Qal qtl 3mp עשה
5. Qal yqtl 1cs שוב
6. Qal wqtl 1cs לקח
7. Hif wqtl 1cs נצל
8. Piel inf cons כסה

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