Translating the Twelve: Hosea 2:19-23

This week’s “Translating the Twelve” is Hosea 2:19-23 (2:17-21 in English)

19 וַהֲסִרֹתִ֛י אֶת־שְׁמ֥וֹת הַבְּעָלִ֖ים מִפִּ֑יהָ וְלֹֽא־יִזָּכְר֥וּ ע֖וֹד בִּשְׁמָֽם׃
20 וְכָרַתִּ֨י לָהֶ֤ם בְּרִית֙ בַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֔וּא עִם־חַיַּ֤ת הַשָּׂדֶה֙ וְעִם־ע֣וֹף הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם וְרֶ֖מֶשׂ הָֽאֲדָמָ֑ה וְקֶ֨שֶׁת וְחֶ֤רֶב וּמִלְחָמָה֙ אֶשְׁבּ֣וֹר מִן־הָאָ֔רֶץ וְהִשְׁכַּבְתִּ֖ים לָבֶֽטַח׃
21 וְאֵרַשְׂתִּ֥יךְ לִ֖י לְעוֹלָ֑ם וְאֵרַשְׂתִּ֥יךְ לִי֙ בְּצֶ֣דֶק וּבְמִשְׁפָּ֔ט וּבְחֶ֖סֶד וּֽבְרַחֲמִֽים׃
22 וְאֵרַשְׂתִּ֥יךְ לִ֖י בֶּאֱמוּנָ֑ה וְיָדַ֖עַתְּ אֶת־יְהוָֽה׃ ס
23 וְהָיָ֣ה׀ בַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֗וּא אֶֽעֱנֶה֙ נְאֻם־יְהוָ֔ה אֶעֱנֶ֖ה אֶת־הַשָּׁמָ֑יִם וְהֵ֖ם יַעֲנ֥וּ אֶת־הָאָֽרֶץ׃

19. Then I will remove1 the names of the masters from her mouth and they will never again be remembered2 by their names.
20. Then I will establish my covenant3 with them in that day and with the beasts of the field and the birds of the sky and the creeping things of the dry ground. Then bow and sword and battle I will shatter4 and cause them to lay down5 securely.
21. Then I will marry you6 to me for eternity and I will marry you7 to me in righteousness and in justice and steadfast love and in compassion.
22. And I will marry you8 to me in fidelity; then you will know9 Yahweh.
23. Then it will be10 in that day, I will answer11, utterance of Yahweh, I will answer12 the heavens and they will answer13 the earth.

Below I’ll parse the verbs and briefly discuss some of my syntactical choices if I have time and remember.


1. Hif wqtl 1cs סור
2. Nif yqtl 3mp זכר
3. Qal qtl 1cs כרת
4. Qal yqtl 1cs שבר
5. Hif qtl 1cs שכב
6. Waw + piel yqtl 1cs + 2fs suffix ארש
7. Piel qtl 1cs + 2fs suffix ארש
8. Piel wqtl 1cs + 2fs suffix ארש
9. Qal wqtl 2fs ידע
10. Qal wqtl 3ms היה
11. Qal yqtl 1cs ענה
12. Qal yqtl 1cs ענה
13. Qal yqtl 3mp ענה

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